The unique Kagu, in display, by Jon Hornbuckle.
Kagus are usually remarkably confiding, like this one which was seen by Simon Colenutt.
Mainland 19 Kagu, New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon, Cloven-feathered Dove, White-bellied (New Caledonian) Goshawk, Horned Parakeet, New Caledonian Parakeet, Crow Honeyeater, New Caledonian Friarbird, New Caledonian (Scarlet) Myzomela, Barred Honeyeater, New Caledonian Whistler, New Caledonian Cicadabird, New Caledonian Streaked Fantail, New Caledonian Crow, Yellow-bellied Robin, New Caledonian Thicketbird, Green-backed White-eye, Striated Starling and Red-throated Parrotfinch.
Loyalty Islands 3 Ouvea Parakeet, Large Lifou White-eye and Small Lifou White-eye.
('New Caledonian Storm-petrel' (similar to New Zealand Storm-petrel) remained undescribed in 2021. It was believed at that time to range through the subtropical western Pacific as far west as the Brisbane Seamounts off eastern Australia)
New Caledonian Nightjar, New Caledonian Rail and New Caledonian (Painted) Buttonquail are probably or presumed extinct, there have been no recent records of New Caledonian Owlet-nightjar, and there is only one old record (from Mount Ignambi) of New Caledonian Lorikeet)
New Caledonia and Vanuatu 5 Grey-eared (Dark-brown) Honeyeater, Fan-tailed Gerygone, Melanesian (Vanuatu) Whistler, South Melanesian Cuckooshrike and Southern Shrikebill.
New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Solomon Islands 5 Red-bellied Fruit-dove, Satin (Glossy) Swiftlet, Cardinal Myzomela, Long-tailed Triller and Melanesian Flycatcher.
Pacific Black Duck, Brown and Red-footed Boobies, Little Pied Cormorant, Great and Lesser Frigatebirds, Pacific Reef-egret, White-faced Heron, Rufous Night-heron, Swamp Harrier, Whistling Kite, Brown Goshawk, Buff-banded Rail, Australasian (Purple) Swamphen, Wandering Tattler, Silver Gull, Greater Crested Tern, Metallic Pigeon, Brown-capped (Pacific) Emerald Dove, Coconut Lorikeet, Fan-tailed Cuckoo (pyrrophanus), Shining Bronze-cuckoo, White-rumped Swiftlet, Sacred Kingfisher, White-breasted Woodswallow, Golden and Rufous Whistlers, Grey Fantail and Silvereye.
Also a chance of Tahiti and White-winged (Gould’s) Petrels, Short-tailed and Wedge-tailed Shearwaters, Black-naped, Bridled, Roseate and Common White Terns, Black and Brown Noddies, and Blue-faced Parrotfinch. Introduced species include Wild Turkey, Red-vented Bulbul, Common Myna, Common Waxbill and Chestnut-breasted Mannikin.
No land mammals except for nine species of bat, including New Caledonian Flying Fox.
The rich marine life includes about 2000 fish species.
August to early November.
Birds of Melanesia by G Dutson. Helm, 2011. (covers New Caledonia).
Birds of the Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia by C Doughty, N Day and A Plant. Helm, 1999.
A Field Guide to The Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific by H D Pratt, P L Bruner and D G Berrett. PUP, 1987.
Birds of Hawaii, New Zealand, and the Central and West Pacific by B v Perlo. PUP, 2011.
Where to watch birds in Australasia & Oceania by N Wheatley. Helm, 1998.
Don’t know which country/countries/regions to visit in Australasia? Then it may be worth considering taking a look at this book, written by this website’s author. It is many years old of course but it still provides a starting point, an overview and a guiding light to the best birds and the best places to look for them in the region, and could save hours of searching for similar information on the internet. However, it is important to check more up-to-date sources for sites which have been opened up, sites and species which have been discovered, lodges that have been built etc. since the book was published.
Many trip reports, some for New Caledonia, are posted on the websites listed here. On some of these websites some reports are independent and some are posted by tour companies who organize tours to New Caledonia. These tour companies and others also post their own reports on their websites, which are listed under 'Some Organized Tours to New Caledonia' below.
The costs of organized tours partly reflect the quality of the tour leaders. Some leaders are certainly better than others and many companies claim their leaders are the best but even the best rely at least to some extent on the exceptional skills of the local guides they employ. If you are travelling independently, employing such local guides will greatly increase your chances of seeing the wildlife you wish to see.
There are many tour companies who organize tours to see mammals, birds, other wildlife and other natural wonders. The cost of these tours vary considerably according to such variables as the airlines used, the number of days the tours last, the number of sites visited, the number of people in the group (an important consideration if you wish to see such wildlife as rainforest mammals and birds), the number of tour leaders, the standard of accommodation and transport, and the percentage profit the company hopes to make. Generally, where the number of days tours last and the number of sites visited are similar, the cheapest tours are those that use the cheapest airlines, accommodation and local transport, that have the largest groups with the least number of leaders, and that make the least amount of profit. The most expensive tours tend to be those which are exceptionally long, use the most expensive accommodation (ridiculously lavish in some cases, even for single nights) and which make the most profit. Some tour costs partly reflect the quality of the tour leaders. Some leaders are certainly better than others and many companies claim their leaders are the best but even the best rely at least to some extent on the exceptional skills of the local guides they employ.
While tour companies organize tours with set itineraries many also organize custom tours for individuals and private groups who instead of taking a tour with a set itinerary want to follow their own itinerary to suit their own personal tastes, whether it be mammals, birds, other wildlife, other natural wonders or even man-made attractions, or a mixture of them all. Many organized tours with set itineraries are also fast-paced and target as many species as possible, whether they are mammals, birds or other wildlife or everything, which usually leaves little time to enjoy the best sites and individual species, but on a custom tour those taking part can specify the pace and the sites and species they wish to concentrate on. Custom tours also suit people who like to travel with people they already know, rather than with a group of strangers, and people with partners with different interests. Individuals and small groups will almost certainly have to pay more than the price of an organized tour with a set itinerary but a large group of friends may be able to travel for less than the price quoted for a set tour.
Tour companies who are running organized tours to New Caledonia in the next couple of years include the following. Many of these also offer custom tours.